Male Infertility

Male Infertility

Male infertility usually involves problems with sperm production, maturation, or transport. There are a variety of factors that can cause a low sperm count or poor quality sperm:

  • genetic factors
  • birth abnormalities
  • blockage in the tube that carries sperm from the testes to the penis
  • infections, such as mumps after puberty
  • varicoceles (an abnormality of the blood vessels of the testes)
  • certain drugs (prescription or illicit)
  • obesity
  • high fat diet
  • smoking
  • stressful lifestyle
  • Working in a hot environment or sitting for long periods (especially in tight-fitting garments) may cause reduced sperm count

It's important to remember that a “normal” sperm count involves millions of sperm. Conception is possible even with a greatly reduced sperm count as long as some of the sperm are healthy. An understanding of the optimal time for conception will greatly increase the chances of conceiving even with a low sperm count.

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